Substances / Types of Drugs / Stimulants / Adderall
The drug is considered a long-acting stimulant and has a variety of neurocognitive, autonomic, and mood-related effects, as demonstrated by the NCBI study. It has a high potential for addiction abuse, making it one of the most difficult drugs to get rid of. In 2017 alone, this drug was the 27th most prescribed drug in the United States with a total of more than 24 million prescriptions.
Is Adderall a Drug?
In a medical sense, drugs are drugs that are prescribed to relieve pain. From this perspective, Adderall is not considered a drug because it is used to treat narcolepsy and ADHD instead of relieving pain. Sometimes the substance is also used as one of many detox drugs to replace a similar stimulant on which the patient may be addicted, such as cocaine.
From a medical point of view, it is not an anesthesia, but a stimulant that raises blood pressure and heart rate, increases energy, increases alertness and promotes wakefulness.
History of Medicine
Although amphetamines appeared in the world as early as 1929, Adderall was not produced until 1995 by combining various amphetamine salts. At the time, it was considered the most popular drug for ADHD. The use of Adderall for ADHD increased exponentially in the 1990s, as did legal complications and lawsuits. In 2000, the FDA warned drug manufacturers of misleading advertising, which had become the leading reason for recreational use of the drug.
These are described below:
The capsules are available in the following strengths: blue, yellow and orange:
- 5 mg
- 10 mg
- 15 mg
- 20 mg
- 25 mg
Strength The 5 mg tablet is a white, round, flat Adderall tablet. The other tablets are as follows:
- 7.5 mg is an oval blue tablet
- 10 mg is a round blue tablet
- 12.5 mg is a peach, flat tablet
- 15 mg is available as an oval peach tablet
- 20 mg is supplied as a round peach tablet
- 30 mg is a round and flat peach tablet
What is the Difference Between Adderall XR and IR?
Both formulations contain the same active ingredients dextrampampamine and levoamphetamine in a ratio of 3: 1. However, the XR version of the drug, released by Shire Pharmaceuticals in 2001, is a longer-acting formulation that provides long-term relief of symptoms for up to 12 hours. In contrast, the immediate release form of IR has a shorter effect and lasts for only 4-6 hours, meaning that the patient must take it 2-3 times a day. This complicates treatment, especially in children with ADHD who need the supervision of a parent or school nurse to administer medication. XR capsules are more expensive than Adderall IR tablets, but there is no significant difference in efficacy, side effects, or addictive potential.
Is This Medicine Expiring?
The medicine can keep its effect for years after the expiry date and is for the most part safe to take, although the effect may decrease over time.
Adderall is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine: a powerful stimulant that increases levels of dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin in the human brain – three important neurotransmitters associated with enjoyment, motivation and attention. They improve concentration and control sleep and appetite. In the United States, the Adderall pill is a controlled substance. It belongs to the same category as cocaine, methadone and OxyContin. Drugs in this class are associated with a high risk of physical and mental dependence. For this reason, this medicine is only legally available on prescription, new prescriptions must be agreed directly between the doctor’s office and the pharmacy.
It is important to be aware of interactions with Adderall medicines; H. Medications such as MAOIs (a type of antidepressant) and others that interact with amphetamines and can cause problems.
Identifying the symptoms of Adderall abuse can be difficult because users do not usually remind the stereotypical “drug user.” People with amphetamine addiction are often young professionals, successful, and students who use medication to improve concentration and concentration. The easiest way to detect an addict is to ask for an Adderall urine test. However, this is not always possible because a person may refuse to accept. What are the signs that someone is abusing this drug?
There are certain signs and symptoms of adderall addiction. These can be further subdivided into physical and behavioral symptoms.
Physical symptoms of Adderall dependence may include:
- Increased social interaction
- Unusual agitation or overactivity
- The illusion that they are not good
- About talking
- Loss of appetite
- Excessive sleep
- Be impatient or scared
- Dry mouth
- Weight loss
- Uncontrolled vibration of any part of the body
Some of the more serious symptoms of abuse include:
- Chest pain
- Mossy speech
- Fainting or dizziness
- Rash or itching
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the throat, mouth or tongue
- Absence of any part of the body
Signs of Behavior
There are some behavioral symptoms associated with amphetamine abuse:
- Visit various pharmacies to fill recipes
- Getting medication from family and friends.
- Get all the equipment you need, such as syringes to inject the medicine or items that can be used to break up Adderall tablets due to a cold.
- Remission of physical appearance or trimming.
- Mysterious behavior
- Social withdrawal
Still, if someone has a prescription for this drug, they may develop an addiction to the drug:
- Take a higher dose than prescribed
- Increasing the frequency of access
- Consume by unapproved methods such as colds
- Use of the medicinal product for purposes other than those for which it was prescribed
- Take someone else’s medicine
- Buy from an illegal source
- Recreational use
Athletes also pose a high risk of becoming addicted to this drug to improve their performance and combat fatigue and exhaustion. Several athletes test positive during a drug test, leading to their ban from playing.
People with Eating Disorders
One of the side effects of Adderall is that it reduces appetite, which can lead to people with eating disorders abusing it. This in turn can make them addicted to it. For example, when compared to Adderall v Vyvanse, they are composed of suitable amphetamine derivatives and differ in structure. Vyvanse is also approved for the treatment of binge eating, but the FDA has not approved the use of Adderall for weight loss.
Helping a person suffering from the symptoms of stimulant addiction requires understanding and an unprejudiced mindset. The first signs that you may be receiving this medication on a regular basis are behavioral comments, such as a change to be more paranoid, more violent, or more secretive. The user may also experience racing thoughts, insomnia, mood swings, and possibly even depression while trying to stay at an academic or job level.
People with signs of Adderall addiction are often successful and want to succeed very academically or professionally. You start abusing these drugs to improve concentration and performance. When in contact with someone with signs and symptoms of addiction, it is important to express support and understanding and to listen to his or her fear and preparation for a life without drugs. Here are some tips to help a person with addictive symptoms:
- Maintain balance and honesty (don’t be convinced to try drugs with an addict)
- Help a person find the best rehabilitation center for addiction treatment
- Stand by them, even if it is difficult to go
- Seek professional help from an accredited rehabilitation center
- Intervention should be done with love and care
- Do not expect the person to immediately acknowledge that the problem exists
- Don’t expect immediate results from rehabilitation (it can take 30 days to several months)
- Don’t assume that rehabilitation will solve all your problems
I Think I’m Adderall Addicted – What Should I Do?
Treating alcohol and drug addiction is a complex process and must be performed under the supervision of a health care professional. Stopping medication on a cold turkey is not a good idea. Giving up the drug requires slow narrowing to ensure it is safe and comfortable. Withdrawal symptoms can be severe and the detox should be done under the supervision of a healthcare professional.
When the signs and symptoms of Adderall dependence are evident, it is important to recover from a reliable treatment center. Hospital and outpatient rehabilitation centers offer programs where recovering addicts can safely cleanse toxins and develop new coping strategies and life skills to overcome addiction forever and stay drug-free. Any health insurance usually covers addiction treatment.
- The intervention of a trained therapist helps a person understand that he or she has a problem with stimulant addiction.
- Detoxification in an addiction treatment center to phase out medication under supervision.
- Access to a formal drug rehabilitation program that assesses co-occurring psychological problems and behavioral counseling.
- Long-term monitoring and prevention strategies.
Several outpatient and inpatient rehabilitation facilities offer a variety of aftercare programs for those suffering from recent addictions.